JLPT N1 Grammar:〜(か)のごとく あたかも〜(か)のごとき あたかも〜(か)のごとく

Today’s grammar points. Three more similar expressions with similar meaning. In this case, these are more formal and usually used in writing. You may never need to use them, but you will probably need to understand them!

  • 〜(か)のごとく
  • あたかも〜(か)のごとき
  • あたかも〜(か)のごとく

〜(か)のごとく

  • formal expression
  • written form
  • used when giving an example “like~”
  • often used in proverbs and set phrases
  • 意味:〜とよく似ている/〜のようだ

彼女は女王のごとく振る舞った。
She acted like a queen.

社長が烈火のごとく怒ったらしい。
The company president was angry as a raging fire.


あたかも〜(か)のごとき

  • formal
  • written
  • used when comparing things
  • 意味:〜とよく似ている

今回のA食品の産地偽装事件に関して、社長は、あたかも自分は無関係であるかのごとき口ぶりだったが、社長が何も知らなかったとは思えない。
In the incident regarding the fake production of A foods, the company president spoke as if he was completely unrelated. But we can’t think that he doesn’t know anything.


あたかも〜(か)のごとく

  • formal
  • explains that something resembles something else
  • 意味:〜とよく似ている

あの人ってあたかもなんでも知ってるかのごとく話すよね。
That guy speaks as if he knows everything.

彼は、あたかも自分が一番強いかのごとく振る舞っているけど、本当は小心者なんだ。
He acts as if he’s the strongest person in the world, but he’s really a cowards.

忍者は、山ではあたかも猿のごとく木から木へ飛び移り、海ではあたかもイルカのごとく素早く水に潜る。
Ninjas jump from tree to tree like a monkey, and dive in the sea like a dolphin.

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